50 najpopularniejszych phrasal verbs

Lista najpopularniejszych phrasal verbs wraz z tłumaczeniem i przykładami użycia.

50 najpopularniejszych Phrasal Verbs

  • Break down – to fall apart; to have a physical or mental collapse; to decompose (popsuć się, zepsuć się; załamywać się, zapadać (np. psychicznie, na zdrowiu); rozłożyć się, rozkładać się (np. o składnikach pokarmowych))

“I bought a cheap motorbike and it keeps breaking down on me.”

“If people suffer too much stress they are likely to break down and cry.”

 

  • Bring about – to make something happen (spowodować coś, doprowadzić do czegoś).

“The politician introduced new laws that might bring about some positive change.”

 

  • Bring back – to return; to return to consciousness (oddać coś, przynieść coś z powrotem; przywracać coś, wskrzeszać coś (np. jakiś przedmiot do użytku, tradycję)).

“Whenever you borrow a book from the library you must bring it back.”

“Sometimes when people die they are able to be brought back to life.”

 

  • Bring in – to earn; to present (for consideration) formally; to submit (przynosić coś (dochód), zaprocentować czymś)

“Fishermen always try to bring in a large catch.”

“Most part-time work does not bring in much money.”

“The sale of their flat brought in a profit of £10,000”

 

  • Bring up – to mention a person or thing; to raise a child; to vomit; to (cause to) stop quickly (wspomnieć kogoś; wychować dziecko; wymiotować)

“Monica still owes me 50 dollars. Next time I see her I will bring the issue up.”

“My parents died when I was a child so my grandparents brought me up.”

“Babies often bring up their food, but that phase soon passes.”

 

  • Carry on – to continue with something; to make a great fuss over somebody or something; behave badly (kontynuować; robić szopkę, zamieszanie, źle się zachowywać)

“The doctors said they didn't know how I managed to carry on in such pain.”

“Children often carry on when they do not get what they want, which almost always irritates me.”

 

  • Carry out – to perform a task; to perform an assignment (zrealizować coś, wprowadzić coś w życie (np. plan))

“Grandma, let me help you carry out the boxes to the car.”

“The next step involves staff learning complex commands to tell the machine to carry out a sequence of tasks.”

 

  • Come back – to (have) return(ed) to one’s origin/previous location; to retort; a return success (wracać, powrócić, stawać się znów modnym)

“We came back home at 5 a.m. (Wróciliśmy do domu o piątej nad ranem.).”

“Sri Lanka were losing in the cricket, but they had a great come back in the last innings.”

“I'll wait until you come back, and then we can do it together.”

 

  • Come down - to drop; to inherit; to rain (spadać, obniżać się (np. cena); przekazywać komuś coś (np. spadek, spuściznę); padać o deszczu).

“I can’t afford the new TVs so I’ll wait for the prices to come down to a more reasonable price.”

“When I turned 21 my father gave me a ring that has come down from generation to generation.”

“Just look at the rain coming down! I'm not going out in that..”

 

  • Come on – to hurry up; to follow; to flirt aggressively (pospieszyć się; uderzać do kogoś (mocno kogoś podrywać)).

Come on, we’re waiting for you and the show starts in 3 minutes!”

“Mike came on to me during the meeting, but I have no romantic feelings for him.”

 

  • Come out – to become; to turn out; to be presented/released to the public (wychodzić, okazać się, wyjść na jaw)

“I am baking my first cake. I’ll just have to wait and see how it comes out!”

“I have a hunch that Man United will come out on top.”

 

  • Come up – to happen unexpectedly; appear; rise (the sun) (wypaść, zdarzyć się (np. nieprzewidziane wydarzenie), wschodzić o słońcu)

“I planned on visiting you last night, but something came up.”

“When snorkeling I can only stay underwater for two minutes and then I must come up for air.”

“The sun came up just as we reached the outskirts of the town.”

 

  • Find out - discover; learn of; to discover facts about someone or something; to learn a fact (odkryć, dowiedzieć się, ujawniać kogoś, demaskować kogoś)

“One of the best ways to learn is to find out how other people do things.”

“She will find out whether or not UDOM has accepted her as a student.”

 

  • Get back – to return; to repay one for a bad deed; to continue communicating with someone at a later time (dostać coś z powrotem; wrócić do danego miejsca, do wcześniej wykonywanej czynności; zemścić się na kimś; oddzwonić do kogoś)

“Robert played a prank on me last Halloween, so this year I am going to get him back.”

“Thank you for your application. We'll get back to you later.”

“I can’t wait to get my car back from the garage.”

 

  • Get on – to make progress; to enter a bus, train, plane, etc.; to become old; to have a good relationship (robić postęp; wsidać do autobusy, pociągu, samolotu; starzeć się; lubić się z kimś)

“Although my grandmother thinks she is young she is getting on.”

“Stop chit-chatting and get on with playing the game!”

“Monika and George get on quite well.”

 

  • Get out – to leave the house to visit place and socialise; to leave a place, escape; (wychodzić, opuścić, uciec, wydostawać się)

“Are we getting out tonight? (Wychodzimy gdzieś na miasto wieczorem?) ”

“Most inmates can’t wait until they get out of prison.”

“I must get this work out before the deadline comes!”

“We need to get him out. (Musimy pomóc mu uciec.) ”

 

  • Get up – to get out of bed (wstać z łóżka; podnieść się)

“I do 10 press ups each time I get up out of bed.”

“Why didn't you get her up from bed? (Dlaczego nie zmusiłeś jej do wstania z łóżka?) ”

 

  • Give up – to quit; to surrender; to abandon hope (poddać się; rzucić coś, przestać coś robić)

“If you smoke, make every effort to give up. If you don’t then it is probable you’ll get cancer.”

“If I fail the exam again I will give up and go and work in Lidl.”

 

  • Go back – to return to one’s origin/previous location (wracać, powracać)

“He was an artist and his only dream was one day to go back home and paint.

“I'd rather die than go back to my old life.”

 

  • Go down – to sink; to happen (zatonąć, wydarzyć się)

“The Titanic went down after it hit an iceberg on its maiden voyage.”

“When is the deal going down?”

 

  • Go in – to ​enter a ​place; to take part in something; to make an approach, as before an attack (wejść, wziąć udział)

“I went in on a bet with some friends that our teacher would cancel class.”

“John went in for a kiss, but Tina denied his advances.”

“I ​looked through the ​window, but I didn't ​actually go in.”

 

  • Go off – to explode; to leave; to happen (as planned)(wybuchnąć, eksplodować; opuścić, wyjeżdżać)

“The bomb went off at 9 in the evening killing 54 people. (Bomba wybuchła o 9 wieczorem zabijając 54 ludzi.)”

“At track events a pistol goes off to signify the start of a race.”

“Explorers usually go off to find new lands and treasure.”

 

  • Go on – continue (kontynuować, iść dalej, dziać się dalej)

“I wish class would finish, but my professor’s lecture just keeps going on and on and on!”

 

  • Go out – stop burning; to go out of fashion; to go out with someone for entertainment; to date someone (przestać się palić, zgasnąć; wyjść z mody; wyjść z kimś na randkę)

“The clothes you are wearing went out of fashion ages ago!”

“When couples start dating, they usually go out on the town and have dinner or watch a movie.”

 

  • Go up – to increase; happening; to be in the process of construction. (Also literal).

“The community water bill has gone up drastically.”

“Several new buildings are going up in 2012 and 2013.”

 

  • Hold up – to rob someone; to offer; to expose; to support; to hinder; to wait. (Also literal.)

“When my parents visited Sri Lanka they were held up by gunpoint.”

“The children held up their hands as the teacher had asked.”

“Whenever we were stuck in a traffic jam my father would say, “What’s the hold up?”.”

  • Look back – to review past events; to return in thought (oglądać się za siebie, patrzeć wstecz, patrzeć w przeszłość )

“As we get older we sometimes look back on our life with fond memories.”

“When I looked back I saw that my dog wasn’t following me anymore.”

 

  • Look down (on somebody) – to regard with disdain or scorn; have contempt for (patrzeć na kogoś z góry, pogardzać kimś; być przygnębionym; patrzeć w dół)

“She looks down on her colleagues because she thinks she's better than they are.”

“When people think they are superior to other they look down on them.”

“When I got to the top of the mountain I looked down at the village.”

 

  • Look out – to ​watch what is ​happening and be ​careful; said or ​shouted in ​order to ​tell someone that they are in ​danger ()

“The ​police have ​warned ​shopkeepers to ​look out for ​forged ​notes.”

“Animals in the wild must keep a look out for predators.”

Look out! There is a hole in the sidewalk.”

“My puppy always looks out the window hinting to me that she wants to go outside.”

 

  • Look up – to search for information; to become better (poprawiać się, wyglądać coraz lepiej; podwyższać się, polepszać się; sprawdzić (np. w słowniku); popatrzeć w górę)

“Our business is looking up. (Interesy idą coraz lepiej.)”

“Sometimes when I reminisce I look up old friends on the Internet.”

“You can always tell the tourists from the locals, because the tourists are always looking up at the skyscrapers.”

 

  • Make up – to put makeup on oneself; to repay or redo something; to create a story or a lie from no facts at all; to compensate for (robić makijaż; nadrabiać coś, odrabiać coś; wymyślić coś, zmyślić coś; zrewanżować się komuś, wynagrodzić komuś)

“I think she made the whole thing up. (Wydaje mi się, że ona zmyśliła to wszystko.)

“He was made up with his Christmas presents.”

“We made up class on Saturday because we didn’t have class on Wednesday.”

“I thought I could make up for all those times I cancelled dinner with my wife by taking her on a cruise.”

“The actress was made up to look like a doll for the horror movie.”

 


  • Pick up – to clean; to learn/obtain (pozbierać coś (np. z ziemi); nauczyć się czegoś, podłapać coś)

“It took me 3 months to learn to play that song, but my brother picked it up in 2 days!”

“I picked up the dolls from the floor and returned them to the toy box.”

 

  • Point out – to select, mention or indicate someone or something (from a group) (pokazywać, wykazywać, wybrać kogoś, wspomnieć kogoś).

“Most of these rules, I should point out, were created to protect you.”

“The victim pointed out the criminal from a police lineup.”

 

  • Put down - to write down, record; to attribute; to mercifully kill an animal.

“Whenever I have to do something important I put it down on my “To Do List.””

“Most loving owners put down their pets when the pet has an incurable and painful disease.”

 

  • Put out – irritated, bothered; to extinguish; to publish; to exert/apply.

“Jessica was very put out when her boyfriend forgot her birthday.”

“One of the firefighters’ main duties is to put out fires.”

“When publishers put out a new book series they often publicize by various methods.”

 

  • Put up – to provide lodging for someone; to display or show; to offer something; to build something (przenocować kogoś; wystawiać coś (na sprzedaż); )

“My friend was homeless so I put her up for a few days until she found herself a place.”

“When people need money they sometimes put up their valuable items for sale.”

“Many shops put up mannequins with their most popular clothing styles to help sales.”

 

  • Set off – to cause to be ignited/exploded; to anger someone; to begin.

“When setting off fireworks you must be very careful not to get injured.”

“Dilan set off to prove his mother wrong by showing her that he could do the work.”

“My brother really set me off when he said that I didn’t love my parents as much as he.”

 

  • Set up / Start up – to establish someone as something; to help establish; to provide something for someone to start up something (założyć, otworzyć interes)

“My father gave me some money to help me start up my new business.”

“After the dictator lost control of the country a new government needed to be set up.”

 

  • Take back – to withdraw or cancel one’s statements; to regain ownership; to cause to remember.

“I have to take back my promise because I have to work. “

“I lent my friend a book, but I took it back because she was using it as a door stop.”

“Whenever I see children play soccer the images take me back to when I played as a child.”

“I decided I didn’t want the DVD so I took it back to the store for a refund.”

 

  • Take off – to leave the ground and begin to fly; to become popular and successful; to begin to chase something; to take a break from something; to withdraw or remove from; to deduct.

“The use of UBUNTU never took off in the community”

“The police took off after the bank robbers.”

“I am going to take Monday off from work and enjoy some time with my family.”

 

  • Take on – to undertake/assume; to employ; to acquire; to show great emotion.

“She might also take on the role of mother, wife and teacher if she wants.”

“Samsung will take on an additional 1,200 employees at the Moshi factory.”

 

  • Take out – to take someone on a date; something made to be taken away (as in food)/a restaurant that performs this service (wyjść z kimś, zabrać kogoś (gdzieś); jedzenie na wynos)

“When a man dates a woman he traditionally takes her out to the movies or a restaurant.”

 

  • Take over –to take charge; to assume control (zdobywać, przejmować, zawładnąć)

“Can you take over the controls while I go to the toilet?”

“When a president dies the vice-president usually takes over as leader of the country.”

 

  • Take up – to accept someone’s offer; to begin to deal with an issue; to shorten a skirt, dress or pants (podjąć coś, podchwycić coś (np. temat)
    przyjąć coś, zaakceptować coś; skracać coś (materiał))

“Tom took up Indika’s offer to go to Sri Lanka.”

“My life was getting boring so I took up the challenge.”

“I have short legs so I always have to have my trousers taken up so they aren’t too long.”

 

  • Turn out – to produce an unexpected result; to attend (okazać się, stać się; przyjść, pojawić się)

“You never know how they'll turn out. Some will be good, and some will be bad.”

“Even though it rained all night many fans turned out at the concert.”

“Thousands of people turned out for the demonstration.”

 

  • Turn up – to appear; to search for and find something; to intensify or increase; to happen/occur (pojawić się; odkopać, odgrzebać (odnaleźć); zgłośnić)

“I lost my kitten yesterday and she hasn’t turned up yet.”

“I can’t hear the radio so I’ll need to turn up the volume.”

“She didn't turn up for class today.”

 

  • Set out – to begin a journey or course; to define/describe; to design/plan; to undertake/attempt (wyruszyć w podróż; przedstawić coś, wyłożyć coś; postanowić, rozpocząć)

“He set out to start a new life in the countryside.”

“The explorers set out for the South Pole yesterday morning.”

“She has failed to set out a schedule which would be quick and cheap.”

 

  • Work out – to settle/solve a problem; to turn out/to happen; to ​exercise (obmyślać coś, opracowywać coś; wydarzyć się, wykonywać ćwiczenia)

“Because there are always right answers, I love to work out difficult Maths problems.”

“When I told the truth everything worked out for the best. I didn’t have to lie and everyone could trust me.”

“Simon ​works out in the ​gym three ​times a ​week..”

 


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Lista najpopularniejszych

Lista najpopularniejszych phrasal verbs jest bardzo przydatna. Na innej stronie widziałam setki frazali, a skąd mam wiedzieć, których się uczyć. Dzięki temu że podane są tu tylko te które są popularne, przynajmniej wiem od czego zacząć. Dzięki