Phrasal Verbs - C

Phrasal verbs - C

Lista najpopularniejszych phrasal verbs, posegregowana alfabetycznie, zaczynających się na literę C

phrasal verb

meaning

polish meaning

example sentence

 
call off
  separable
  
cancel something that has been scheduled. odwołać We don't have school today. The mayor called classes off because of the snow.
 
call on
  inseparable
 
ask someone for an answer in class. pytać (na lekcji) Why does the teacher never call on you. You always know the answer.
 
call on
   sb (tr)
 
visit formally odwiedzić w interesach Our salesman will call on your company next week.
 
call for
  (tr)

 

need wymagać (działania) We do realise that the situation calls for immediate action.
 
call in
   (int)
 
visit briefly wpaść z wizytą, odwiedzić My sister called in last week to see our new flat.
 
call out
   (tr)
 
order to come to sb's help wezwać, wywołać All firefighters were called out to save the burning palace.
 
call up
   (tr)
 
order to join the army powołać do wojska, rekrutować Thousands of young men were called up during World War II.
 
 calm down
  with or without an object; with an object, separable

 

become calm / less agitated or upset; help someone become calm / less agitated or upset. uspokoić się

Why are you so upset? I didn't intend to spill apple juice on you. Calm down, please!

Could you please calm her down? I cannot stand her making so much noise.
 

care for
  (not)
1. inseparable

 

like; want.

Note: This phrasal verb is usually negative, though it may be used affirmatively in questions.

chcieć, życzyć sobie

A: Would you care for something to drink? We have whisky, gin and beer.

B: Could I have some water, please? I don't care for alcohol now.
 

care for
  2. inseparable

 

take care of; supply care to; attend / watch.. troszczyć się The courier called for your parcel, but I told him it wasn't ready yet.
 
 carry on
  inseparable

 

continue. kontynuować I have several remarks, but please carry on, I will explain it later.
 
 carry away
  be carried away

 

be very excited być zachwyconym We were all carried away by his performance. It was wonderful.
 
 carry off
   (tr)

 

handle a difficult situation successfully poradzić sobie w trudnej sytuacji She carried her speech off well.
 
carry out
   (tr)

 

conduct an experiment przeprowadzić (doświadczenie, ankietę) They carried out some tests to see the effects of the new drug.
 
 carry through
  separable

 

complete successfully poradzić sobie, dać rade coś ukończyć I don't think anyone but me can carry this project through. I am the only skilled person in this team.
 
 catch on
  no object

 

develop understanding or knowledge of something. `załapać`, zrozumieć Bob had never used a computer until he took this class, but he caught on very quickly and is now one of the best students. We wants to become a website designer
 
 catch up (with)
  often without an object; with an object, inseparable

 

stop being behind. dogonić, nadrobić zaległości Thomas stopped to rest for a few minutes. He'll catch up / catch up with us later.
 
check in(to)
  inseparable

 

register for / at a hotel, conference, etc.; let someone know officially that you have arrived. zameldować się (dać znać że już jesteśmy) My plane will arrive around 6:00 PM. I should be able to check into the hotel by 7:00 or 7:30.

 

check off
  separable

 

make a mark to indicate that something on a list has been completed. zaznaczyć (że coś już jest zrobione), `postawić ptaszka` Here are the things you need to do. Please check each one off when you've finished it.
 
check out (of)
  1. inseparable

 

follow procedures for leaving (a hotel, etc.) odmeldować się Don't forget to take your room key to the front desk when you check out.
check out
  2. separable

 

follow procedures for borrowing something (usually for a limited period of time).   I'm sorry, but you cannot take that dictionary home. The library won't allow you to check reference books out.
 
cheer up
  separable

 

help someone feel less worried / depressed / sad. pocieszyć kogoś Monica's brother was depressed about not getting a promotion, so she sent him a funny card to cheer him up. He really loved it.
 
chew out
  separable

 

scold someone severely; berate. pokrzyczeć kogoś, zganić za coś Tom's father was really angry when Tom didn't come home until 6:00 AM. He chewed Tom out and then said Tom had to stay at home for two weeks.
 
chicken out
  no object

 

lose the courage or confidence to do something--often at the last minute. stchórzyć Tom said he was going to ask Kate for a date, but he chickened out.
 
chip in
  inseparable

 

contribute / donate (often money) to something done by a group. dorzucić się (dać pieniądze na jakiś cel) We're going to buy a birthday cake for our boss and I'm collecting donations. Do you want to chip in?
 
clam up
  inseparable

 

suddenly become quiet / refuse to talk about something. uciszyć się, zamilknąć She wouldn't talk about the accident. When I asked her what happened, she clammed up.
 
clear away
  separable

 

to tidy uprzątnąć If you've finished playing with those toys could you clear them all away please.
 
come across
  inseparable

 

find (unexpectedly). znależć coś przypadkowo I've lost my extra car keys. If you come across them while your're
cleaning the room, please put them in a safe place.
 
come by
  inseparable

 

to find znależć coś, natknąć się I came by this designers pen when I was looking for my keys. I didn't even know we had such expensive things at home.
 
come by
  (tr)

 

obtain zdobyć, uzyskać Everybody wonders how he came by so much money.
come down to
  (int)

 

be passed on to sb by inheritance zmienić właściciela z powodu śmierci tegoż This house came down to me after my aunt died.
 
 
come down with

  inseparable

 

become ill with zachorować Thomas won't be at the office today. He came down with the flu over the weekend.
 
come to
  1. inseparable

 

total. opiewać na sumę, wynosić (kosztować) Your charges come to $144.48. Will you pay by check, in cash, or
with a credit card?
 
come to
  2. no object

 

regain consciousness. dojść do siebie, odzyskać przytomność When I told Monica that she'd won a million dollars, she fainted. When she
came to, I told her it was a joke and she almost hit me!
 
come into
  (tr)

 

inherit dostać w spadku, odziedziczyć He came into a large sum of money after his grandfather died.
 
come off
  (int)

 

succeed udać się Despite all his planning the deal didn't come off.
 
come out
  (int) (of flowers)

 

begin to blossom kwitnąć, rozkwitać Roses come out in summer.
 
come out
   (int)

 

be published opublikować When does her new book come out?
 
come out
   (int) (of stains)

 

be able to be removed zniknąć (plama), wybawić (plamę) This wine stain will come out if you let it soak in warm water.
 
come round
   (int)

 

visit casually wpaść z wizytą, odwiedzić Come round any time tor coffee.
come round
   (int)

 

recover consciousness dojść do siebie, odzyskać przytomność To the doctors' surprise the patient came round quickly.
 
come up
   (int)

 

be mentioned pojawić się, być wspomnianym Your name came up in the conversation.
 
come up
   (tr)

 

arise; occur zdarzyć się Such an opportunity comes up once in a lifetime.
 
come up to
   (tr)

 

approach zbliżyć się, podejść A strange man came up to me and asked me tor money.
 
come up to
   (tr)

 

equal; be up to (expectations) sprostać (wymaganiom) He failed to come up to his parents' expectations.
 
come up with
  (tr)

 

find (an answer, solution etc) wyjść (z pomysłem), przedstawić (rozwiązanie) He came up with a brilliant plan to save the company.
 
count on
  inseparable

 

depend on; trust that something will happen or that someone
will do as expected.
liczyć na kogoś, oczekiwać (coś od kogoś) I'm counting on you to wake me up tomorrow. I know I won't hear the alarm.
 
cross out
  separable

 

show that something written is wrong or unnecessary by making an X across it. `postawić krzyżyk` We can't afford to buy everything on your shopping list, so I've crossed all the unnecessary things out.
 
cut back (on)
  often without an object; with an object, cut back on [inseparable]
 
use less of something. zredukować, ograniczyć spożycie (użycie) You drink too much coffee. You should cut back.

You should cut back on the amount of coffee that you drink.

 

cut across
  (tr)

 

take a shorter way iść na skróty Cut across this field if you're in a hurry.
cut back (on)
  (tr)

 

reduce (expenses, production); cut down on zredukować, zmiejszyć (ilość produkcji) We must cut back on eating out; we just can't afford it.
 
cut in
   (int)

 

move suddenly in front of another car wepchnąć się przed (o samochodzie) A car cut in and forced us to slow down.
 
cut in
   (int)

 

interrupt przeszkadzać, przerywać Would you mind not cutting in until I've finished speaking?
 
cut into
  (tr)

 

interrupt przeszkadzać, przerywać The children kept cutting into our conversation.
 
cut off
   (tr)

 

disconnect odłączyć, odciąć (elektryczność) Our electricity was cut off as we didn't pay the bill on time.
 
cut off
   (tr)

 

isolate (usu places) odciąć, odizolować The flood cut off the village for a week.
 
cut out
  (tr)

 

omit, exclude wyciąć, pominąć I'm cutting out salt from my diet.
cut out
  be cut out for

 

be suited for (a profession) być stworzonym do czegoś, nadawać się I don't think I'm cut out for teaching/to be a teacher -I haven't got enough patience.
 
cut up
  (tr)

 

cut into small pieces, have a lot of small injuries pociąć na małe kawałki, mieć wiele małych ran, urazów,

Cut up the meat for Johnny - otherwise he won't be able to eat it.

I cut my hand up when I broke the glass.