Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous

The use and the structure:

  1. Present perfect is used to:

  • Talk about situations which started in the past and they still last
  • Focus on the result not the time which was devoted to completing the action
  • Talk about our experience
  • Say that something has just been done

The structure:

Subject + have/has + past participle (III column) / a verb with –ed ending.

I have read this book 3 times already.

b) Present Perfect Continuous is used to:

  • to show the length of the action
  • to show the action is continued


The structure:

Subject + have/has + been + a verb with –ing ending

She has been walking around for the last 2 hours.