Essay - useful phrases - pomocne wyrażenia przy pisaniu po angielsku


Użyteczne frazy przy pisaniu wypracowań po angielsku

użyteczne frazy przy pisaniu wypracowań po angielsku

Introduction

  • first of all
  • to begin with
  • in order to decide whether.... or not
  • to outline the main points
  • firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally / eventually

 

Enumerating arguments

  • in addition to / additionally
  • besides / moreover / furthermore
  • above all

 

Weighing up arguments

  • on the one hand..... on the other hand
  • to consider the advantages and disadvantages
  • arguments for and against
  • to discuss the pros and cons
  • in theory ... in reality
  • both... and....
  • not only ... but also
  • anyway / at any rate / in any case
  • in fact / actually / as a matter of fact
  • up to a point
  • so to speak
  • by no means / not at all

 

Comparisons

  • compared to / in comparison with
  • to draw / make a comparison between ...and
  • similarly
  • as well as 

 

Restrictions

  • however / though
  • nevertheless
  • whereas
  • although / though / even though
  • in spite of / despite
  • unlike
  • in contrast to / with sth.
  • on the contrary
  • sth is contrary to sth

 

Refering to

  • with reference to
  • regarding
  • as regards
  • as far as ... is concerned
  • according to (
  • according to is used to introduces omeone else's opinion. Don't say "according to me")

 

Introducing a new idea

  • Turning now to the question of
  • Bearing in mind the previous points,
  • Having considered (X)
  • With regard to
  • As far as ....... is concerned

 

Emphasizing

  • I’d like to point out that
  • I’d like to emphasize
  • adjectives: main, crucial, important, si gnificant, key, essential
  • nouns: focus, element, concept, theory, aspect, part, idea, point, argument, discussion, debate
  • verbs: to emphasise, to summarise, to focus, to highlight

Examples: 

  • The key aspect of this argument is
  • The most crucial point m ade so far
  • It is worth noting that
  • Another relevant point is that

 

Generalizing

  • on the whole
  • in general / generally speaking
  • as a rule
  • to some extent
  • to a large extent / to what extent ?
  • in many ways
  • in all respects
  • in most / many cases
  • basically

Giving examples

  • for example / for instance
  • such as / including
  • in particular / particularly
  • to give you an example of what I mean
  • to illustrate this point
  • what I mean is
  • et cetera / and so on / and so forth
  • that is to say / i.e

 

Citing research

  • It has been found that
  • Research has shown that

 

Making exeptions

  • apart from
  • except
  • with the exception of

 

Giving reasons

  • because
  • as / since
  • because of
  • the reason for this is
  • the reason why
  • for some reasons or another
  • I have every reason to believe that

 

Consequences

  • therefore
  • consequently / as a result
  • for this reason / all these reasons

 

Personal point of view

  • I think that
  • in my opinion/ in my view / to my mind
  • this is a matter of opinion
  • in my experience
  • as far as I know
  • as far as I am concerned
  • to be aware / unaware of a problem
  • to tell the truth
  • the fact is that
  • I am convinced that
  • I firmly believe that
  • I feel sth should be done about that

 

Agreeing

  • I entirely / absolutely agree with
  • that’s exactly my own view
  • I’m of exactly the same opinion
  • that’s perfectly true
  • I’d like to support this view

 

Disagreeing

  • I partly disagree with
  • I don’t entirely agree with
  • I agree in principle, but
  • That’s not the way I see it
  • I see things rather differently myself
  • I’m not at all convinced that
  • I’m not absolutely sure

 

Interest, Plans, Intentions

  • to be interested in sth / in doing sth
  • It interests me a lot
  • My main / particular interest is
  • I have the intention of doing
  • I am prepared to do sth
  • I am determined to do sth
  • I’m planning to do sth
  • I’m very keen on doing sth

 

Lack of interest

  • I find ... rather uninteresting / boring
  • I don’t take any interest in
  • It’s all the same to me whether
  • It means nothing to me

 

Summarizing and drawing conclusions

  • finally
  • last of all
  • last but not least
  • we can draw the conclusion
  • to sum up / to summarize we can say
  • all in all
  • in short / in brief / briefly
  • all things considered
  • the subject under discussion
  • I find it difficult to reach a conclusion but I’m tempted to say
  • Briefly, we can say / it can be said that
  • hence/therefore/accordingly / consequently
  • the evidence suggests, therefore
  • in general what this means / suggests / indicates is
  • it is clear from the above that
  • to conclude / in conclusion,

 

Modifying adverbs

  • totally / entirely / completely
  • mostly / mainly / chiefly
  • partly
  • comparatively / relatively
  • extremely / incredibly